Conditions and Etiquette of Supplication and the reasons that lead to Acceptance

Conditions and Etiquette of Supplication and the reasons that lead to Acceptance

Shaykh Habib Abu Bakr al-Adani bin Ali al-Masshur

 

1- Sincerity to Allah, the Most High, and truthfully turning towards Him.

2- Beginning your prayer by praising Allah and sending blessings and peace upon the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Concluding the prayer in the same manner.

3- Being steadfast at your supplication and having certainty that Allah will answer it.

4- Being persistent in supplication and not being hasty if it has not been answered.

5- Having presence of heart, and comprehending the meaning [of the supplication] while having reverence for the One being addressed.

6- Engaging in Supplication at times of ease and difficulties.

7- Lowering one’s voice when supplicating so that it is only audible to oneself.

8- To confess [one’s wrongdoings to Allah] and to show ultimate humility.

9- To praise Allah and thank Him for His grace and provision and ask Him for His help in achieving success and to use all His provisions, according to His pleasure.

10- Seeking and observing times and places where supplication is more likely to be accepted.

11- Avoiding deliberation and imposition (takalluf) using verbose language.

12- To return that which has been seized unlawfully to their rightful owners and to repent from doing so.

13- To face the qibla (the House of Allah in Makkah) when supplicating.

14- To raise one’s hands while supplicating.

15- To be in a state of ritual purity throughout the supplication.

16- To intercede to Allah by His beauteous names, His most lofty attributes and by one’s good deeds.

17- To be vigilant in eating and drinking from sources that are unlawful or doubtful. It is narrated in sahih Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah  رضي الله عنه   who said that the Envoy of Allah ﷺ said:

“Allah is Good and accepts only that which is good. Verily Allah has commanded the believers to do that which He has commanded the Envoy. He said: ‘O (you) Envoy! Eat good things and perform righteous deeds.’ (al-Mu’minun: 23:51 )

He also said:

‘O you who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided you.’ (al-Baqara: 2:172)

Then he ﷺ mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who raises his hands to the sky saying:

‘O Lord! O Lord!’ while his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothing is unlawful, and has been nourished with unlawful food. How, then, will [his supplication] be answered?”

18- One should be inclusive in one’s supplication and not solely use the singular form, especially places of prayers and where Muslims congregate.

19- One should ask Allah for everything one needs, no matter how great or small.

20- That one should not occupy one’s self with nothing other than the supplication, such as looking at any media, social media, or anything else that will distract the heart.

 

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About the author Shaykh Habib Abu Bakr al-Adani bin Ali al-Masshur

The scholar and dā‘ī (caller to Allah), Shaykh Habib Abu Bakr al-Adani bin Ali al-Masshur. He was born in 1366 AH in the Yemeni city of Ahwar, where he was raised in a household of piety and scholarship. From a young age, he memorized the Qur’an under the instruction of his father, the scholar and dā‘ī, Sayyid ‘Ali b. Abi Bakr ibn ‘AlawÏ al Masshur. Sayyid ‘Ali had an immense impact in spreading sacred knowledge and da‘wa to Allah in the region of Ahwar. He always called people to adhere to the Sunna of the Prophet s, repudiated all types of religious innovations (bida‘), superstitions, and false beliefs which some of the locals had propagated. Habib Abu Bakr continued his studies under the tutelage of his father, learning the fundamental sciences of sacred knowledge and studying Arabic grammar. His father encouraged him from a very young age to master the Arabic language and its ancillary disciplines and would ask him to practise and use old Arabic phrases and to compose poetry. Indeed, Habib Abu Bakr command of the language is clear to anyone who reads his books, poems, or articles.

He continued to study sacred knowledge with numerous Shaykhs of Aden, Ahwar, and Hadramawt, combining direct learning and oral transmission from Shaykhs with academic education. He graduated from the Faculty of Education of the University of Aden with a focus on the Arabic language (and indeed he has been engaged in teaching since his youth). Next, because of the political situation in South Yemen, ¤abÏb Abu Bakr travelled to the Hijaz. There he continued his Islamic studies under numerous scholars, foremost among them being the virtuous teacher and knower of Allah Habib ‘Abd al-Qadir b. Ahmad b. ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Saqqaf, whom he kept constant in association.

HabÏb Abu Bakr went on to serve as an imam in a mosque in Jeddah, remaining there for nearly fifteen years. There he initiated teaching circles in various Islamic sciences, in which numerous students of knowledge learned from him. Also a prolific author, Habib Abu Bakr has written over 140 books on a variety of subjects; a skilled poet and man of letters, he has published several collections of poems.

Habib Abu Bakr established no fewer than sixteen Ribats (school of sacred knowledge) and eighty-three educational centres in Aden, Abyan, Ta‘izz, Hudayda, Shabwa, Lahj, Ibb, and Dhimar. The Ribats which he established are rare and unique in that they holistically combine classical and modern academic studies, as well as Prophetic and Ancestral (Abawi) spiritual instruction. Habi Abu Bakr also founded a centre for cultural studies, which has organized numerous conferences and seminars and workshops.