Dhikr of Allah

Dhikr of Allah

Mufti Taqi Usmani

Dhikr i.e. mental or verbal remembrance of Allah is so consoling, pleasant and easy form of worship that one can perform it continuously at all times and with great benefit, Allah has enjoined His Dhikr in the Quran in the following words:

 

يٰۤـاَيُّهَا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوا اذۡكُرُوۡا اللّٰهَ ذِكۡرًا كَثِيۡرًا ۙ

Believers, remember Allah much

Ah-Zab (33:41)

Obviously, dhikr does not benefit Allah, Who has no need of in the benefit is for Allah’s bondsmen since dhikr strengthens the bond between Allah and His bondsmen, is food for the soul which invigorates if. And with an invigorated soul it becomes easy to overcome one’s base instincts and to vanquish the Devil. Thus one is able more easily to avoid sins and the good deeds increase.

Someone asked our eternally blessed Prophet “Which worship is highest, in the Eyes of Allah and which shall be reckoned weightiest on the Day of Judgement?” The Prophet replied “Dhikr of Allah” (Jami’al Usui, p. 475 Vol. 4)

A companion once submitted to the eternally blessed Prophet “0 Messenger of Allah! Good deeds are many and I do not have the strength to perform all of them. So please tell vie one thing that I may always remember. Please do not tell me many things as I would forget them.” The Holy Prophet said “Your tongue should he wet with dhikr of Allah”. (Jami Tirmidhi, Dawat Bab Fadl al Dhikr).

Abu Musa Ash’ari has been quoted as follows: The eternally blessed Prophet said “A house wherein Allah is remembered and a house wherein He is not remembered are like living and dead bodies” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Another hadith quotes our Prophet as follows: “People who leave a meeting or conclave without mentioning and remembering Allah are like those who get off from a dead ass, and such a meeting they would repent (for time misspent) on the Day of Judgement” (Abu Da’ud)

That’s why a hadith tells us to recite the following worlds at the end of every meeting or conclave.

سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك، أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت، أستغفرك وأتوب إليك،

(O Allah, You are free from every imperfection; praise be to You. I testify that there is no true god except You; I ask Your Pardon and turn to You in repentance)  [At-Tirmidhi].

This atones for the shortcomings of the meeting.

In spite of the great merits of dhikr. Allah has made it very easy. There are no preconditions attached to it. If someone performs ablution and then sits facing Qibla and performs dhikr it is all for the best. But if there is no time or occasion for it then one can perform dhikr while engaged in other works, even ablution is not required and dhikr is permitted even when unclean after coition or while menstruating. However one should not perform it verbally when unclothed or when in some unclean place like lavatory. However even there dhikr can be done without intoning or moving the tongue. Thus the merits of this worship can be reaped at all times without any difficulty. However it is appropriate to fix a particular time in the night or the day when one can perform dhikr after ablution and facing the qiblah; dhikr at other times would be an added boon.

For special dhikr tne following books may be consulted.

1. Fada’il-al-Dhikr by Shaikh al Hadith Hadrat Maulana Muhammad Dhakariyya.

2. Dhikr Allah by Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shafi.

3. Ma’mulat-e-Yaumiyah by Dr. Abdul Hai Arifi

However some brief adhkar are given below which should be recited continuously.

1. Hadith quotes our eternally blessed Prophet as saying that : “The following four phrases are most pleasing to Allah. (Sahih Muslim)

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

2. Hadith tells us that two phrases most pleasing to Al-Rahman are light on the tongue but view weighty on the Day of Judgement:

سبحان الله وبحمده سبحان الله العظيم (Bukhari Muslim)

 

3. Hadith tells us to recite لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِٱللَّٰهِ‎  much because these words are among the treasures of paradise. (Mishkat)

 

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ، وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ‏

4. Hadith tells us that if one recites these words in the morning he gets merit equivalent to freeing of ten slaves from among the progeny of Prophet of Islam, he gets ten good deeds recorded in his name, his ten sins are pardoned he is elevated by ten stages and is protected against the Devil till evening. And if he recites these words in the evening; he gets the same reward till morning (Abu Da’ud).

 

Durud
Ahadith mention in detail so many advantages and merits of blessing the holy prophet by reciting Darud that one can compile a whole to me, and many learned people have in fact written books on them. One hadith quotes the Holy Prophet as saying that “One sent by my Sustainer came to me and told me that ‘Whoever from your ummah sends darud on you once ten good deeds are recorded on his behalf, his ten (minor) sins are pardoned and he is elevated by ten stages” (Sunan Nisai and Musnad Ahmed, Al-targhih li al Mundhari, P.157 volume3)
And Anas, a companion, has said that the eternally blessed Prophet said that “When my name is mentioned before anyone it is incumbent upon him to send durud on me, and whosoever sends darud once, Allah sends his Mercy on him ten times (ibid.)
The best darud is the darud-e- Ibrahime which is recited in prayers and the briefest is Sallallaho aZaz’hz’-wa-sallam, the latter also has the same merits as others. It should be noted that when the holy Prophets* exalted name is written, one writes sallallaho alaihi-wa-Sallam after it and not salla’am which is insufficient.