On Surah al-Duha – Chapter 93 (The Morning) – Occasion and Reason of its Revelation

On Surah al-Duha – Chapter 93 (The Morning) – Occasion and Reason of its Revelation

Shaykh F. Gulen

بِسۡمِ اللهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِ

“the morning”

(1) وَالضُّحٰىۙ‏ 
 
(2) وَالَّيۡلِ اِذَا سَجٰىۙ‏
 
(3) مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلٰىؕ
 
(4) وَلَـلۡاٰخِرَةُ خَيۡرٌ لَّكَ مِنَ الۡاُوۡلٰىؕ‏ 
 
(5) وَلَسَوۡفَ يُعۡطِيۡكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرۡضٰىؕ‏
 
(6) اَلَمۡ يَجِدۡكَ يَتِيۡمًا فَاٰوٰى
 
(7) وَوَجَدَكَ ضَآ لًّا فَهَدٰى
 
(8) وَوَجَدَكَ عَآئِلًا فَاَغۡنٰىؕ‏
 
فَاَمَّا الۡيَتِيۡمَ فَلَا تَقۡهَرۡؕ(9)‏
 
(10)وَاَمَّا السَّآئِلَ فَلَا تَنۡهَرۡؕ‏ 
 
(11) وَاَمَّا بِنِعۡمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثۡ
 
 
 
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
(By the morning hours, and by the night when it is stillest, thy Lord hath not forsaken thee nor doth He hate thee) [93:1-3].
Jundub reported : “A woman from the Quraysh said to the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace: ‘I think your demon has forsaken you’, and so it was revealed (By the morning hours, and by the night when it is stillest, thy Lord hath not forsaken thee nor doth He hate thee)”. [Bukhari]
 
 
Abu Hisham ibn ‘Urwah related: “Gabriel, peace be upon him, was late in coming to the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, and this caused him tremendous distress. Khadijah said to him: ‘Your Lord has forsaken you because of the distress He sees in you!’ And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed (By the morning hours, and by the night when it is stillest, thy Lord hath not forsaken thee nor doth He hate thee)”.  [Tabari]
 
Hafs ibn Sa‘id al-Qurashi related that his mother has related from Khawlah, a servant of the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, that a dog entered the Prophet’s house, went under the bed and later died there. Days passed by and the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, did not receive any revelation. He said:
 
“O Khawlah, what has happened in my house? Gabriel, peace be upon him, has stopped coming to me”.
 
Khawlah said:
 
“I will tidy the house and sweep the floor”.
 
When she tried to sweep under the bed, she felt something heavy. She got it out and found it was a dog. She took the dog out and threw it behind a wall. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, then came in with his jawbones trembling — whenever revelation came to him he shivered — and said:
 
“O Khawlah, cover me!”
 
Allah, exalted is He, revealed to him (By the morning hours, and by the night when it is stillest, thy Lord hath not forsaken thee nor doth He hate thee). [Tabari]
 
(And verily the latter portion will be better for thee than the former…) [93:4-5].
Abu ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abbas  said: “The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, saw what was going to be bestowed upon his community after him, and he was delighted. However, Allah, glorious and majestic is He, revealed (And verily the latter portion will be better for thee than the former, and verily thy Lord will give unto thee so that thou wilt be content). He gave him one thousand castles of pearls whose floors are made of musk which contain everything he requires of spouses and servants”. [Tabari]
 
 
(Did He not find thee an orphan and protect (thee)?) [93:6].
 Ibn ‘Abbas  reported that the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: 
 
“I have asked my Lord for something I wish I had not asked for. I said: ‘O my Lord! There were prophets before me, some of whom you had subjugated the wind — and he mentioned Solomon, son of David — and some of whom could bring the dead back to life — and he mentioned Jesus, son of Mary — and some of whom…, etc.’.
 
Allah, exalted is He, responded by saying:
 
‘Did I not find you an orphan and protected you?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord’. Allah said: ‘Did I not find you wandering and directed you?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord!’ Allah, exalted is He said: ‘Did I not find you destitute and enriched you?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord!’ Allah, exalted is He, said: ‘Have I not caused your bosom to dilate and eased you of the burden?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord!’”  [Qurtubi]

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