The family of the Prophet ﷺ  (Ahlul-Bait)

The family of the Prophet ﷺ (Ahlul-Bait)

Ahlul-Bait, the family of the Prophet, to whom may Allah’s blessings and peace be granted, are the closest people to him. He gave them special care and affection. And Allah, Be He exalted, bestowed on them chastity and purity. Allah, Be He exalted, said:

«Verily, willeth Allah to keep away from you every unc1eanliness. 0, Ahlul-Bait! And to purify you thorough purifying.»

Ibn Abbas said:

«This verse was revealed for the wives of the Prophet, to whom may Allah’s blessings and peace be granted.»

Sa’id, Ibn Jubair, A’krama and Ibn al-Saib and Muqatel said the same thing. And this is the first opinion.

The second opinion says that Ahlul-Bait are the Messenger of Allah, to whom may Allah’s blessings and peace be granted, Fatema, Ali, Al-Hasan and al-Hussein.

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said Aiysha and Omm Salama are also included.

The third opinion says:

Ahlul-Bait are the group of the Messenger of Allah, the believers: the Ja’fars, Aqeels and Abbases.

Az-Zamakhshari said:

«The wives of the Prophet, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted, are members of Ahlul-Bait.»

Al-Rastaghni said:

«The right is that Ahlul-Bait are his wives and his family.»

Al-Dahhak said the same thing because the words are right for both of them and include them as a whole.

Zaid Ibn al-Arqam was asked about the hadith of the Messenger of Allah, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted:

«I remind you to have fear of Allah when you do unto my family!»

When he was asked:

«Who are they?»

He answered:

«His wives were members of Ahlul-Bait.»

Aiysha, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, said:

As the Prophet, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted, went out, someday, and saw alHasan he told him to enter. Then, Ali came and He also told him to enter. The Prophet, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted, recited the verse.

«Verily, Willeth Allah to keep away from you every uncleanliness. 0, Ahlul-Bait; and to purify you thorough purifying!»

Anas said: the Prophet, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted, used to visit Fatema’s home. He also used to say:

Prayers! 0, AhlulBait!  «Verily, Willeth, Allah to keep away from you every uncleanliness. 0, Ahlul-Bait, and to purify you, thorough purifying!»

Omm Salama said:

«The Prophet, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted, was with me alongside Ali, Fatema, al-Hasan and alHussein. I cooked al-Khazira for them. They ate and then slept. He covered them with aba and a piece of cloth. Afterwards, he said:

«0, Allah! They are my family. May Thou keep away from them every unc1eanliness and may Thou purify them thorough purifying.»

Abu al-Hamra reported:

«I stayed in Medina for seven months during the reign of the Prophet, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted.»

He added:

«I saw the Prophet, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted, coming at the dawn outbreak to Ali and Fatema’s door and saying:

«Verily, willeth Allah. to keep away from you every uncleanliness. 0, Ahlul-Bait; and to purify you thorough purifying!»

Allah, Be He exalted, said:

«Say I want not to ask you for a reward on it bar amity for kinship!»

Ibn Abbas said:

«There is no family in Quraish tribe that has no relation with the Messenger of Allah, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted.»

When they belied him and rejected to give him the pledge of allegiance, he told them:

«0, folks! As you reject to give me the pledge of allegiance I want you to maintain my relation with you. There is nobody among the Arabians who is more obliged to side with me and support me than you.»

Abu al-Dailam also said:

«When Ali Ibn al-Hussein, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, was taken to Damascus, a man from alSham  told him:

‘Praise be to Allah, Who killed you; removed you and cut the roots of sedition!!!’

Ali Ibn al-Hussein, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, asked the man:

«Did you recite the Quran?»

The man answered:

«Yes!»

He said: 

Did you recite «Alef Lam Ha’ Meem»?

He replied:

I recited Quran; but I didn’t read’«Alef Lam Ha’ Meem»!

He said:

You didn’t recite : “Say I want not to ask you for a reward on it bar amity for kinship!”

The man said:

And aren’t you, they?

Ali Ibn al-Hussein, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, said:

Yes!

There is no doubt that Ali and his sons, for whom may Allah’s good pleasure is prayed, are the closest relatives of the Messenger of Allah, to whom may Allah’s Blessings and peace be granted.

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